Shall India legalize prostitution?
Some people opine that prostitution shall be made legal in India and accept them as a part of society because the problem of prostitution is inevitable. The benefit of legalizing prostitution in India will be that atleast we will have a track record of Sexworkers as for example when dance bar in Bombay were closed most of the bar dancers migrated to Gujarat and Karnataka and other neighbouring state and started their business undercover. Legalising prostitution will see these women, who live life on the edge everywhere, gaining access to medical facilities, which can control the spread of AIDS. There is a very strong need to treat the sex industry as any other industry and empower it with legal safeguards. The practical implications of the profession being legal would bring nothing but benefits for sex workers and society as a whole. Keeping prostitution illegal also contributes to crime because many criminals view prostitutes and their customers as attractive targets for robbery, fraud, rape, or other criminal acts. The criminals realize that such people are unlikely to report the crimes to police, because the victims would have to admit they were involved in the illegal activity of prostitution when the attacks took place, now if it is legal then they will easily go and report this to police.Benifits of legalizing prostitution are:
Legalization of prostitution and the sex industry will stop sex trafficking.
Legalization of prostitution will control the sex industry.
Legalization of prostitution will decrease clandestine, hidden, illegal and street prostitution.
Legalization of prostitution will protect the women in prostitution as they will have rights.
Women in systems of Prostitution want the sex industry legalized as they are the one who suffers the most as they don’t have any rights.
Legalization of prostitution will promote women’s health as they can have easy access to medical facilities which they don’t have when it is illegal.
Recognizing prostitution as an economic activity, thus enabling women in India to obtain working permits as “sex workers”.
Thus either India shall legalize prostitution which is the most suitable step that can be taken or shall make such deterrent laws as to curve up the problem of prostitution. Laws should not be such as to just remove the prostitutes but also to change the mentality of people who are interested in paid sex by punishing them in such a manner that people of same mentality will dare to indulge themselves in similar activities.
The History of Prostitution.
Prostitution Through the Centuries.
Contrary to the old cliche, prostitution is almost certainly not the world's oldest profession. That would probably be hunting and gathering, followed perhaps by subsistence farming. Prostitution has existed in nearly every civilization on earth, however, stretching back throughout all of recorded human history. Whenever there have been money, goods or services available for barter, somebody most likely bartered them for sex.
18th Century BCE: The Code of Hammurabi Refers to Prostitution.
The Code of Hammurabi was compiled at the start of the reign of the Babylonian king Hammurabi from 1792 to 750 B.C. It includes provisions to protect the inheritance rights of prostitutes. Except for widows, this was the only category of women who had no male providers. The Code reads in part:
If a "devoted woman" or a prostitute to whom her father has given a dowry and a deed therefore . then her father die, then her brothers shall hold her field and garden, and give her corn, oil, and milk according to her portion .
If a "sister of a god" or a prostitute receive a gift from her father, and a deed in which it has been explicitly stated that she may dispose of it as she pleases . then she may leave her property to whomsoever she pleases.
To the extent that we have records of the ancient world, prostitution appears to have been more or less ubiquitous.
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6th Century BCE: Solon Establishes State-Funded Brothels.
Greek literature refers to three classes of prostitutes:
Pornai or slave prostitutes Freeborn street prostitutes Hetaera or educated prostitute-entertainers who enjoyed a level of social influence that was denied to nearly all non-prostitute women.
Pornai and street prostitutes appealed to a male clientele and could be either female or male. Hetaera were always female.
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AD 590 (ca.): Reccared Bans Prostitution.
The newly-converted Reccared I, Visigoth King of Spain in the early first century, banned prostitution as part of an effort to bring his country into alignment with Christian ideology. There was no punishment for men who hired or exploited prostitutes, but women found guilty of selling sexual favors were whipped 300 times and exiled. In most cases, this would have been tantamount to a death sentence.
1161: King Henry II Regulates but Does Not Ban Prostitution.
By the medieval era, prostitution was accepted as a fact of life in major cities. King Henry II discouraged but permitted it, although he mandated that prostitutes must be single and ordered weekly inspections of London's infamous brothels to ensure that other laws were not being broken.
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